There are a variety of PNG laws that can affect a foreign company in its business relationships in PNG. All written laws (with the exception of this Constitution) shall be read and interpreted, subject to (b) organic laws (defined in Article 12 as laws promulgated by Parliament which „a) are provisions relating to a matter approved by an organic law by this Constitution; and (b) are not contrary to this Constitution; and (c) expressed in the form of an organic law. An organic law may be amended only by another organic law or by an amendment to the Constitution. Organic laws are constitutional laws, that is, supreme laws. English common law, which deals with issues such as criminal law, rights of recourse, estoppel, freedom of contract and guarantees and indemnities, may be relevant to a foreign company doing business in Papua New Guinea. The courts apply funding agreements and other documents governed by the laws of a country other than Papua New Guinea. In international financial transactions involving a party of PNG, it is customary for the loan agreement, guarantee documents and other related instruments to be governed by English law or the laws of another foreign country. National courts are familiar with such transactions. The Constitution of Bougainville and laws enacted by the Bougainville Legislature in accordance with the Constitution of Bougainville form part of the laws of Papua New Guinea described in section 9 (Laws). The provisions of this Part and any provisional organic law or organic law promulgated for the purposes of Article 267 (transitional laws) shall be in force notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Constitution. in accordance with this Part and may provide that the laws of Bougainville contain other provisions relating to Bougainville`s public services. In addition to the aforementioned laws, the main regulations and laws regarding employment and employment contracts are in PNG: However, some alienated properties are held as real estate outside the government.
Most of the companies in which foreign investors are involved are located on alienated land. Alienated land may be held either as property or as a hereditary lease by the State. However, land ownership represents only a small portion of alienated land in Papua New Guinea. Bearing in mind that it is necessary that the armed forces and members of the defence forces should not have a special position by law, unless the nature of the force as a disciplined force and its special functions, duties and responsibilities so require, it is declared that, except as expressly provided by a constitutional Act or an Act of Parliament: The armed forces and members of the defence forces are subject to all laws in the same way as other bodies and persons. Nothing in this Part invalidates emergency legislation within the meaning of Part X (Emergency Powers), but all such laws, to the extent consistent with their purposes and provisions, shall be interpreted and applied in such a manner that the rights or freedoms referred to in this Division are not affected or impaired to an extent beyond what is reasonably necessary: to deal with the emergency in question and the issues arising from it. But only to the extent that it is reasonably justified in a democratic society with respect for the rights and dignity of humanity. • In the case of adopted or subordinate laws, the organic laws and laws by which or by virtue of which they were promulgated or promulgated; In order not to exceed the power to grant it effectively, such a law, if it had gone beyond the power thus granted, will nevertheless be considered a valid law, provided that it does not exceed this power. Papua New Guinea. 2021. Website.
www.loc.gov/item/guide-to-law-online/papua-new-guinea/. The term „pre-independence law“ has the same meaning as in Article 2.6 (Enactment of Pre-Independence Acts); In this book, the authors, who were all directly involved in jurisprudence, legal reform, and adjudication during this period, examine the strong and enduring influence of colonialism on law and politics long after the official dissolution of colonial rule. Combining original historical and legal research, engagement with the academic literature of dependency theory and postcolonial studies, as well as personal observations, interviews, and experiences, Making Law in Papua New Guinea offers compelling insight into the many reasons why postcolonial nations remain trapped in laws. colonial institutions and attitudes. „I. Fully aware of the responsibility I recognize and the consequences of non-compliance with this declaration and responsibility, let us freely and willingly express my loyalty to the Independent State of Papua New Guinea and its people, as well as to the Constituent Assembly of Papua New Guinea on 15 May. In August 1975, I adopted the Constitution of Papua New Guinea, as amended from time to time in accordance with its provisions, and I promise to respect the Constitution and laws of Papua New Guinea. The Constitution and organic laws are the supreme law of Papua New Guinea and, subject to section 10 of the Constitution (Interpretation of Written Laws), all acts, whether legislative, executive or judicial, which are inconsistent with these documents are invalid and ineffective to the extent of inconsistency.